Winter is the season we all either love or hate. It is obvious that most of Britain’s wildlife would be the latter: hibernation, flying south for the winter and dormancy (in the case of trees). It is also notable for the near complete absence of insects – you would be hard pressed to find any at the best of times but the various insect species must survive somehow over the cold months so where do they go?
In regards to the wasp only the queen will survive. They are born in the late autumn as the rest of their nest dies out, stores sperm within their bodies and then wait it out through the long months before they can become the progenitor of a new swarm through the fertilisation of the eggs which are being laid in a makeshift nest. A queen wasps reign will usually only last one year but one ever important to the species’ survival. That is if she survives the winter of course. The hibernating queens are resistant to the cold but not to the vulnerabilities inherent to unconsciousness. Many will find themselves fall prey to Spiders.
If you find a lone, large Wasp in your home in late autumn or early winter then it is very likely it is a queen wasp merely looking for a place to hibernate for the winter.